Fiber test of Fabric

When a trader buys and uses clothes, many times the clothes are ruined due to various reasons. Because one type of fabric can be good in one environment. If you know what kind of fiber or fabric the fabric is made of, you can know how to take care of that fabric and what causes the fiber of the fabric to be damaged. So a cloth is tested in different ways to know what kind of fiber it is made of. These are-


Feeling Test

Cotton- This cloth will feel soft and cool when rubbed by hand.

Linen- This fabric is much cooler and smoother than cotton fabric.

Wool- This fabric is warm and flexible.

Silk- This fabric is soft and smooth.

Rayon- These fabrics are cool and smooth. It feels slippery when rubbed with hands.

Nylon- This fabric is very smooth and light in weight.

Polyester- This fabric is almost like nylon but it is smoother than wool.

Acrylic- This fabric is like wool but very light in weight, cool, smooth and a bit slippery.


Burning Test

It is a very good method to test the clothes by burning them to identify the clothes. The system to do this is to twist the threads of the cloth and hold it on the flame and let it burn for about 10 seconds. In this case different clothes behave differently. E.g.

Cotton

This cloth burns quickly with a large yellow flame in the fire. Again, even after being removed from the flames of the fire, it continues to burn with a red tinge. It smells like burnt paper. The ash or residue that remains after burning is light gray and black in color.

Wool

When this cloth is taken in the fire, it burns slowly and there is a soft hissing sound. Then its fiber or ash is bent. While in the fire, the color of the flame of the fire is orange. When brought out of the fire, the fire is extinguished. The smell of burning clothes is like the smell of bird feathers or burning hair. The color of the ash obtained after burning is uneven black and small lumps are formed which are easily broken.

Silk

When this cloth is brought near the fire, it becomes a bunch like hair and burns slowly. When taken in fire it burns slowly and there is a slight soft sound during burning. If you take clothes out of the fire, it goes out by itself. It smells like feathers or hair burns. The ash or residue at the end of the burn forms a round curly small black cocoon that is easily broken.

Linen

When this cloth is brought near the fire, a smell comes and it burns. When it is taken into the fire, it burns with a yellow flame more slowly than cotton. When taken out of the fire, it burns endlessly. The cloth smells like burnt paper. Feathery gray ash is found after it is burnt.

Nylon

When this cloth is brought near the fire, it melts and shrinks in the flame of the fire. When put in the fire it burns slowly as it melts. Taking it out of the fire actually extinguishes it on its own. Its ashes are hard and strong, found in gray or copper cocoons that cannot be easily broken.

Acrylic

When this cloth is brought to the fire, it burns and shrinks and goes out of the flame. When put in the fire, it burns quickly and starts to flicker. When taken out of the fire, it melts and burns. Its burning smell is like the burning smell of meat. Its ashes are like uneven putty grains that can be easily broken.

Rayon

When it is brought to the fire, it starts to burn quickly. When the rayon is placed in the fire, it burns rapidly with a yellow flame. When it is brought out of the fire, it burns. Its burning smell is like the burning smell of paper. Its ash or remnants are gray in color.

Polyester

When the cloth made of it is brought near the fire, it shrinks and goes beyond the limits of the flame of the fire. If you put it in a fire, it burns and melts slowly. When it is brought out of the fire, the flame of the fire slowly goes out. Its burning smell is like sweet aromatic. Its ashes or remnants look like shiny or brown round putty grains, which are easily broken.

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