Anatomy is a branch of science that deals with the structure of each organism. Anatomy is all about how an organism looks, what is in its body, how it works.
The word anatomy comes from the Greek word Ana + tome which means to cut up. In other words, our body is cut and different parts of the body are known in anatomy.
Subdivision of Anatomy
The Anatomy branch is divided into several sub-branches. Let’s know a little bit about them-
i. Cadaveric Anatomy:
This branch discusses the structure of a living animal (or living animal) by dissection or dissection. Another name is Macroscopic Anatomy or Gross Anatomy.
Every subject of Cadaveric Anatomy is described through Regional and Systemic Anatomy. In Regional Anatomy the structure of an animal is determined based on its location or surface. Again in Systemic Anatomy the structure of the body is described based on different systems of the body.
There is also another type of Cadaveric Anatomy called Cross section Anatomy. Here the structure of an organism is described by cross section.
ii. Living Anatomy:
Living Anatomy is based on Inception, Palpation, Percussion, Auscultation.
Also in this type of anatomy we use scope to understand a structure of body structure. Auto scope allows you to get detailed pictures of the outer parts of our ears. Bronchis scope can be used to see if there is a problem with air entering the lungs.
iii. Developmental Anatomy (or Embryology):
Here’s a look at how an embryo develops and grows.
iv. Microscopic or Histology Anatomy:
We examine every tissue or germ in this branch with a microscope.
v. Surface or Topographic Anatomy:
This branch discusses the structure of the organs that are inside the organism.
vi. Radio-Graphic or Imaging Anatomy:
Here we discuss how to identify the inside of the body from the outside by X-ray, CT scan, MRI.
vii. Applied Anatomy:
All kinds of knowledge about anatomy is actually applied to any animal in this branch. If you want to be a doctor, you should know the most about this branch.
viii. Experimental Anatomy:
Doctors sometimes do some experiments to find out the structure of different parts of a body. These experiments are done in this branch.
ix. Genetics Anatomy:
Here heredity, chromosomes, nucleus are discussed.
x. Physical Anatomy:
Different types of human organs and animals are mapped to different parts of the body in this branch.
xi. Comparative Anatomy:
In this branch, the structure of human beings is compared with the structure of different animals. It also discusses how humans evolved into the present.